Typical and exceptional fauna and flora species in forests
The distribution of tree species in percentages is the following: 53.7 % Spruce, 2.3 % Fir, 4.6 % Larch, Pine 5.6 %, other conifers 0.7 %; 9.6 % Red beech, 2.0 % Oak, 8.0%.
In Austria we can find 125 forest plant communities. Important natural forest communities are: Spruce, fir & beech forest, Spruce & fir forest, Beech forest, Sub-alpine spruce forest, Oak & hornbeam forest, Mountain spruce forest, Larch & stone pine forest, Mountain maple & ash forest and Dwarf pine forest.
Austrian’s forests are habitats for many typical middle European wildlife. Hunting has a long tradition. Income from the commercialisation of shooting rights on private, municipal or cooperative hunting grounds is a major share of the forests’ total yield. The main species are: red deer, fallow deer, roe deer, chamois, moufflon, wild boar, fox, badger, martens, hairs and feather animals mainly pheasant, with roe deer ranking at the first place (254,000 according to 2009-2010 hunting statistics.